Akhenaten's Siblings
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Thutmose, Sitamen, Isis, Henut-Taneb, Nebetah & Beketaten

PRINCE THUTMOSE

Crown Prince Thutmose was the eldest son of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye. He is also knowns as Djutmose, Thutmosis and Tuthmose. His name means "Thoth is Born" or "Child of Thoth." Thutmose seems to have died somewhere between year 27 and year 33 in his father's reign, so he never became a Pharaoh. If he had, he would have been Pharaoh Thutmose V, and the Amarna Period as we know would never had occurred.

Little is known about the doomed Prince Thutmose, he's a rather obscure Amarna figure. During his short life he was, however, a very important member of the royal family, clearing being bred to be Amenhotep III's sucessor. He was a member of the priesthood of Ptah in Memphis (possibly the High Priest) and had a role in the military (which, considering his youth, may have been honorary). He seems to have spent most of his life in Memphis, but it might very well be his body that was burried with the "Elder Lady" thought to be Queen Tiye in the Valley of the Kings (near Thebes). One more interesting note: even though he was the Crown Prince, he was a very human boy. Thutmose had a pet cat, Ta-Miu ('the Kitten' or 'the lady cat'), who, like many animals in Ancient Egypt, was mummified and placed in her own sarcouphagus when she died.

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PRINCESS-QUEEN SITAMEN

Princess-Queen Sitamen (aka: Sitamun, Sitamon, Satamon) was the eldest daughter of Queen Tiye and pharaoh Amenhotep III. Her name means “Daughter of Amun”. Although it appears Sitamen was the eldest princess, there is no evidence that she was one of the wives of her brother, Akhenaten. His Great Royal Wife Nefetiti appears to have been his cousin and a niece of Tiye. Sitamen seems to have been her father's favorite daughter and she held a special position in his court, 'King's Chief Daughter'. Later in the 30th year of Amenhotep III's reign, Princess Sitamen became one of her father's queens. She even received the title "King's Great Wife" even though her mother, Queen Tiye, was still alive. Sitamen possessed her own household palace and estates, but never took precedence over Tiye, however. Sitamen's sisters Isis and Henut-Taneb also seem to have married their father. These unions may have been symbolic, but they could have been consumated unions as well. Perhaps Tiye encouraged her husband to their daughters to mirrors some of the relationships of the gods.

Princess-Queen Sitamen has been suggested as a possible candidate as the mother of Smenkhkare and Tutankhamen, but no evidence exists (either to support or deny) that she bore her father-husband any children. One of Amenhotep III's high officials named Huy retired to Sitamen's estate as her “High Steward". Many of images of Sitamen show her wearing a lotus crown with royal cobra or gazelle with a short nubian style wig. It has been postulated that Sitamen was the God's Wife of Amun during Amenhotep's reign. The most famous are two wooden chairs that were in her grandparents' -- Yuya and Thuya's -- tomb. A mummy found with the Elder Lady (who is thought to be Queen Tiye) might be Princess-Queen Sitamen's remains.

Princess-Queen Sitamen's Titles

Singer of the Lord of the Two Lands
King’s Wife
King’s Great Wife
King’s Daughter
King’s Daughter Whom He Loves
Eldest Daughter of the King
Great ['Chief'] Daughter of the King Whom He Loves

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PRINCESS ISIS

Princess Isis, the second or third daughter of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye (it is not clear if Isis or her sister, Henut-Taneb, is older). She is also called Aset or Iset, and was named after the Goddess Isis, the Mistress of Magic and the Goddess whose name means 'throne.' Like her sister Sitamen (and most probably Henut-Taneb as well) Isis was one of the wives of her father. Unlike Henut-Taneb, she am specifically referred to as a 'King's Wife', and her name is inscribed in a cartouche, a perogative of high ranking royal consorts. After the death of Amenhotep III, she fades from view, what happened to this princess is unknown.

Princess Isis' Titles:
King's Wife
King’s Daughter
King’s Daughter Whom He Loves

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PRINCESS HENUT-TANEB

Princess Henut-Taneb was either the second or third daughter of Pharoah Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye. Her name, meaning 'Mistress of All Lands', was a title often held by queens. Like her sisters Sitamen and Isis, Henut-Taneb may very well have been one of the wives of herfather, Amenhotep III. Although she was never refered to as a "King's Wife," her name is found in a cartouche and she has other titles that suggest that she was one of the many consorts of Amenhotep III. Her fate, like so many of the others, is not known.

Princess Henut-Taneb's Titles:
Consort of Horus Who is in His Heart
Great One in the Palace
King’s Daughter
King’s Daughter Whom He Loves

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PRINCESS NEBETAH

Princess Nebetah was apparently the fourth daughter of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye. She is not as well known as her sisters. Her name, which means 'Lady of the Palace' or 'Great Lady', was also a title given to queens. Both her elder sister Henut-Taneb and Nebetah were given names that were traditionally titles of Egyptian queens. Perhaps, during the period in which these two princesses were born, Amenhotep III was trying to keep from honoring any gods in his daughters' names? She is never called a 'King's Wife' and it doesn't seem that she was married to Amenhotep III. Due to her lack of presence on many monmuments that the elder daughters of Tiye appear on, it has been suggested that she was significantly younger than Sitamen, Isis, and Sitamen. Nebetah's ultimate fate, like those of her sisters, is not known.

Nebetah's only known title was 'King's Daughter Whom He Loves.'

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PRINCESS BEKETATEN

Princess Beketaten (aka Baketaten, Beketaton...), although her parentage is still debated, was in all probability the youngest daughter of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and Queen Tiye. Her name, which means, "Haidmaiden of Aten," suggests that when she was born, steps towards her elder brother's future reforms were already being taken. At Amarna, images of Princess Beketaten are closely associated with Queen Tiye, which is the reason why many feel that she was a daughter of the senior royal couple rather than Nefertiti and Akhenaten. She is called a 'King's Daughter', but never, like all of Nefertiti's girls, called 'Kings's Daughter born of the King's Great Wife, Nefernefruaten-Nefertiti,' so the assumption that she may have been the last child of Tiye and Amenhotep III seems to be a likely conclusion. Her time and manner of death are not known, as around the time of Tiye's death, she ceases to be mentioned.

Princess Beketaten's only known title was 'King's Daughter of His Body'

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